Friday, January 21, 2022


The rationale of the Study
Getting a passing grade and being a graduating graduate are scholars’ desires in schooling. But many elements may want to destroy their desires, which leads to failure in education. Academic failure can be a formidable adversary for students. This observation targets to recognize the elements affecting college students’ instructional failure.
The school failure method leads to a loss of success in education, a lack of better training costs, and social and monetary losses. Some of its elements are the student’s mood, motivation, intelligence, friends, parental occupation, social state of affairs of the college students, etc. “Educational studies have recognized several appropriate circles of parents, peers, and monetary contributors. Twelve months and that absenteeism, hassle with homework, and student-trainer bonding accounts for lots of those associations. On the other hand, associations of bodily and intellectual fitness troubles with instructional failure are straightforward, barely throughout schools.
Getting suitable grades in college is essential, not just getting a top-notch job and excessive pay scales. It is likewise for information the improvements and developing attention to want the groups to be required to use college students inside the future. Therefore, academically successful college students have too many probabilities of picking out the carrier. Educating green and powerful human forces considers the various important obligations of universities. Every 12 months, universities admit new university students and get more; in this continuous cycle, adequate training plays an important role. Thus, growing the fine of an academic gadget is taken into consideration the maximum influential aspect in increasing the countries; that is due to the fact college students obtain a role due to their instructional fulfilment wherein their most inner and outside forces are used for attaining desires of better training and acquiring vital situations for a thriving social life.
On the other hand, the loss of satisfaction in training paves the way for many non-public and social troubles and deviations from attaining the instructional gadget’s desires. In this regard, one of the fundamental troubles of better training facilities is the college students’ instructional failure which now no longer the most precise results in the waste of modern-day expenditure and time; however additionally generates intellectual-psychological, social, and own circle of relatives troubles for the college students. According to studies, this trouble is growing every 12 months, so that many college students cannot deal with the curriculum (instructional courses) or entire it in due time. Academic failure consists of diverse elements of tutorial failure consisting of common absence from classes, losing out, repeating the grade, or a low fine of training.
The University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue has the objective and the project of “Pursuit of excellence in education, studies and networking as close as possible to social and monetary improvement, as well as environmental sustainability.” Unfortunately, however, a few college students have failing grades and cannot graduate on time. So, that is why this study is performed to recognize the elements/reasons of college students’ instructional disasters.

Determine the reasons for instructional failure and the way to address it. Everybody hates the phrase failure. No one in this universe is making plans to fail. Students war brutal to achieve suitable grades and skip their checks with vital numbers. Nevertheless, with all of the efforts, it may be tough to get a passing score. There are multiple reasons for instructional failure. Many of those are inner reasons, and others are outside reasons. There is a near hyperlink between training and improvement. Education plays a crucial position in human capital formation. Academic failure from universities is a trouble that has emerged as a critical situation for better training establishments investigating elements affecting instructional failure may also offer a clearer view of the college’s characteristic for academic directors and cause more significant suitable interventions for decreasing the results of instructional failure. This observation was made to analyze university students.


This study is anchored on Hon. Maji’s theories (2004) Solomon assert that academic failure is inextricably linked to educational institutions. It is in the hands of students, professors, and company executives. The schools, government, parents, etc., he equally states that the following factors are the causes of Academic failure: low intelligence, setting of difficult questions which bring about writing irrelevant answers, a spirit of lust, lack of conducive teaching and learning environments, misfiring of questions.
According to Karemera (2003), students’ performance is significantly correlated with satisfaction with the academic environment and the library, computer lab, etc., in the institution. He found a positive effect of high school performance and school achievement; he found No statistical evidence of a significant association between the student’s level of family income and school performance.
According to Robert & Sampson (2011), the educational board member will be educated, and their impact on the school is positive; for professional development, it is essential for student learning. The students who are actively engaged in the learning process are observed to correlate with the CGP positively. A Study effort from students and the proper use of the facilities provided by the institution to the student, a good match between students’ learning styles and positively affects the student’s performance (Norhidayah Ali et al., 2009)

According to Young (1999), held the view that students’ performances are linked with the use of the library and the level of their parental education. The use of the library positively affected student performance. The academic environment is the influential variable for students and positively affects fathers’ education and grade level (Kirmani & Siddiquah, 2008).


According to McWhorter & Hudson-Ross (1996), without new methods to education that hook up with the mastering desires of college students, many will carry out poorly and probably drop out of the research. Research proof from the initial examination shows that a scholar-targeted mastering surrounding appears to provide higher-stage mastering effects more efficaciously than a conventional trainer-targeted surrounding (Tynjala, 1998). As a result, prejudices with the choice of coaching strategies via the mode of instructors in the regions wherein they own specific monopoly know-how must be averted to enhance college students’ educational overall performance (Adunola, 2011). Therefore, instructors must create an ecosystem conducive to mastering to beautify college students’ mastering experiences. Moreover, instructors must also boom their know-how of numerous educational techniques to engage and stimulate college students during the mastering process.

According to Kernan, Bogart & Wheat (2011), undergraduate graduate students’ academic performance may be better if the barriers associated with ideal health are low. There is a terrible dating among university credit score and strain; however, a susceptible dating among GPA (Grade Point Average) and stress. (Zajacova, Lynch and Espenshade, 2005)

According to Amitava Raychaudhuri et al. (July 2010), research was completed to perceive the elements affecting college students’ overall educational performance. The scholar’s academic overall performance relies upon numerous socio-monetary features like college students’ attendance inside the class, own circle of relatives’ income, education of mother and father, relationship with university professors, presence of a trainer trained at school, and relationship with university professors the scholar and distance from schools.
According to (Hansen Joe B., 2000). Harb and El-Shaarawi (2006) determined that the maximum crucial aspect with a high-quality impact on college students’ overall performance is college students’ competence in English. If the scholars have sturdy verbal exchange capabilities and feature a sturdy grip on English, it will increase the overall performance of the scholars. The overall performance of the scholar is laid low with verbal exchange capabilities; it is miles feasible to verbal peer exchange as a variable that can be undoubtedly associated with the overall performance of the scholar in open mastering. A fundamental difference of this take a look at from preceding research is that it specializes in available mastering (Abdullah AL-Mutairi, 2011).
Statement of the Problem
This study aims to determine the factors affecting the academic failure of the maritime students of the University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue during the S.Y 2021-2022. The finding of which will serve as the basis for the recommendation.
Specifically, this answers the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of the following:

1.1 Age

1.2 Gender

1.3 Year Level

2. What factors affect the academic failure of the maritime students of the University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue?

3. Based on the findings, what programs are to propose to help the students lessen academic failure?

Significance of the Study
The results of the study will benefit the following:

1st Year Maritime Students – The study will benefit the 1st year maritime students who will be the respondents of this study. The study obtains to identify the Factors Affecting the Maritime Students’ Academic Failure.

Teacher/Instructors – This study helps them know the reasons for academic failures. Hence, they can establish practical actions to lessen it.

University of Cebu – Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue – The study will benefit the university by providing its students, especially the College of Maritime Education, with interventions that will provide more efficient education to its students, especially for maritime students and produce more world-class graduates.

Future Researchers – This study will be beneficial to future researchers who have endeavoured to continue and contribute to the improvement of this study. Future researchers can impart additional findings and information that will serve as the basis for the interventions on Factors Affecting Students Academic Failure. Therefore, this study serves as a supplementary paper or a related study for future research.


Research Design
This study will utilize the descriptive research method wherein all the information data gathered will be brought together. The ideal way will measure the extent of the knowledge and understanding of the BSMT students of the ship’s fixed installations and other firefighting appliances and agents on board.

Research Environment
This study was conducted at the University of Cebu – Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue online using Facebook messenger and Google forms. The university is located at A.C. Cortes Ave., Mandaue City, Cebu, right across the old Mactan bridge connecting the Mactan island and Cebu City.

Research Respondents
The respondents of this study are the selected first-year maritime students. The respondents were randomly selected and were forwarded with a google survey form.

Research Instruments
The researchers utilized one kind of research instrument. The research instruments being used are a google survey form to be filled in by first-year maritime respondents. The link for the documents will be distributed in a Facebook messenger group chat for respondents.


The following terms are defined for a better understanding of this study:

Academic Failure:
It means a lack of success in education and leads to higher education costs and social and economic losses, the students’ failure towards their academic performance.
Supplementary programs:
refers to free extra academic help, such as tutoring or remedial help, provided to students in reading, language arts, and math. This extra help can be provided before or after school, on weekends, or in the summer. These are the programs that can help lessen academic failure.
Academic Factors:
These factors are students’ communication skills, learning facilities, proper guidance, and family stress; these are the causes for the student’s academic performance.
The extent of knowledge:
Refers to the range over which knowledge extends or how knowledgeable a person is to a specific topic.
Learning Management System:
A system in which students will learn to manage and have a life-long learning aspect that can view their experience through courses syllabus and communication with fellow students and their course instructor.


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